Area: 7.741.220 km²
Population: 21,5 million (2011 estimate)
Most important cities: Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane Perth and Adelaide
Currency: Australian Dollar (AUD)
Time zone: GMT+11
Climate: Warm and tropical in the north, cold and even snowy in the south
Australia is the sixth largest country in the world. Its more than 21 million inhabitants, are distributed mainly between its capital, Camberra and its beautiful coastal cities: Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide. These are the most touristic cities in the country, so we must visit them all.
It is also essential to visit its Gold Coast, 80 km of Australian coast located in the state of Queesland.
Australia has spectacular coast and beaches, but also a fascinating and wild nature. Tasmania is one of the most beautiful areas of the country.
And of course, we must know its fauna. In Australia we will see kangaroos and Koalas. We can see them in Ballarat Wildlife Park, which is like a zoo an hour from Melbourne, and where the animals walk freely, and you can interact with them.
In the Yarra River Valley, you'll also find the Healesville Sanctuary, another zoo that specializes in native species and bringing them back to their natural habitat.
You can also head to one of Australia's 500 national parks, covering 28 million hectares, to see the animals in their natural habitat.
South of Canberra is Namadgi National Park, which makes up 46 percent of the Australian capital, and where we see a variety of native animals. The park borders Kosciuszko National Park in the southwest and Brindabella National Park on the northwest border.Useful tips Security
Australia is a very safe country. Crime rates are very low, and we can practically only find some minor theft especially in Sydney and Melbourne.
We could say that Australia's greatest dangers are natural. Starting with sun exposure, due to the high UV index throughout the country.
Another danger is its beaches, due to their strong currents and huge waves, which often endanger their swimmers. The danger flags must always be respected.
We must also be careful with its fauna, 6 species of the world's deadliest snakes are found in Australia, in addition to 2 types of extremely dangerous spiders.
We can even find the Gympie Bush, a tree that, if we touch it, produces an itch that can cause us pain for several weeks.Culture
Australia is rich in culture. It is a country mixed between indigenous culture and European customs. It celebrates its big day on 26 January, commemorating the arrival of the first English settlers, and they do so with music and fireworks. And their other big festivity is the 25th of April (Anzac Day) in which they pay tribute to the soldiers of the Australian and New Zealand armed forces who died during the First World War.Communications
Australia has a total of eight airports: Sydney's Kingsford Smith International Airport, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, Canberra, Darwin, Cairns and Adelaide.
The most important of these is Sydney, 9 kilometres from the city.Transport
Travelling by train is a good alternative for long journeys. There are 3 interstate trains:
- Indian Pacific, between Sydney and Perth
- Overland, between Melbourne and Adelaide
- Ghan, between Adelaide and Darwin
Travelling by bus can also be an option, although being long distances can be very heavy.
And there is a great option that is to rent a car or a van, is a very typical and comfortable option, for the freedom of movement it provides.