Number of inhabitants: 82.606.067
Capital: Ankara (4,871,884 inhabitants)
Most important cities: Istanbul (14,744,519 inhabitants), Izmir (2,938,546 inhabitants), Bursa (2,074,799 inhabitants)
Currency: Turkish Lira (TRY)
Time zone: UTC +3
Climate: Mediterranean temperate
Turkey is located in the Mediterranean Sea, in the Anatolia region of western Asia, with a small section in south eastern Europe separated by the Turkish strait (Bosphorus, Marmara Sea and Dardanelles).Recommended
- Istanbul (Constantinople): The largest city in Turkey, the ancient capital of the Ottoman and Byzantine empires, and the only major city in the world that spans two continents.
- Ankara (Ancyra): The capital of Turkey and its second largest city.
- Izmir (Izmir): Turkey's third largest city.
- Cappadocia: An area in the central highlands best known for its unique landscape (the "fairy chimneys"), underground cities, cave churches and houses carved into the rocks.
- Ephesus: Well-preserved ruins of that Roman city.
- Gallipoli: Many World War I memorials.
- Ani: Impressive ruins of the medieval Armenian capital in the far east of the country.
Shoplifting and stealing are the most common types of crime in Turkish cities. However, with the development of a network of cameras looking at streets and squares 24 hours a day in Istanbul, the number of thefts decreased. As elsewhere, common sense is recommended.Culture
Turkey is really a curious mixture of east and west: one can simply say that Turkey is the easternmost of the western nations or, depending on the point of view, the westernmost of the eastern nations. Perhaps one thing common to the whole country is Islam, the faith of the majority of the population. However, their interpretation varies widely, from the religious liberalism of many people on the north western and western coasts, to the greater conservatism of the people of the central steppes (but not at the level of nominally Islamic countries).Communications
Cybercafés are still available in reasonable quantities in cities and towns. In fact, any major city has at least one. They all have good connections, and the price is cheap. Free wifi is available at airports, hotels, restaurants and cafes.Transport
There are airplanes that cover the air routes between the main cities of the country. In terms of land transport, buses are always preferable, with greater frequency and fairly competitive prices. On the other hand, although there are trains, they tend to be somewhat slow: this is mostly due to the mountainous terrain and the age of the railway infrastructure.